After the revocation of the Nauvoo Charter, the members of the Nauvoo Legion continued to operate under the command of Brigham Young, leader of the movement's largest faction, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church). Supposedly, this was to elevate the social status and official standing of some members of the city. authorized permission to impose martial law from the Governor of Illinois. Graphic Violence ; Graphic Sexual Content ; texts. The waving Legion flags,4 the state flag of Illinois, and the famed red, white, and blue of the United States produced the desired effect – patriotic pride. The original Nauvoo Legion may have used the flag. Four Presidents served under its banner - Martin Van Buren (1837-1841), William Henry Harrison (1841), John Tyler (1841-1845), and James Polk (1845-1849). Behind them came missionaries and members carrying flags of many of the nations from which the pioneer residents of Nauvoo had come. At this point Daniel H. Wells was the chief military commander of the militia. Where an answer to prayer began ! It was held in conjunction with the 11th anniversary of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. None of the colorful banners garnered the surprise element as did the flag carried by the Legion Band. Utah (/ ˈ juː t ɑː / YOO-tah, / ˈ juː t ɔː / YOO-taw) is a state in the Western United States.It is bordered by Colorado to the east, Wyoming to the northeast, Idaho to the north, Arizona to the south and Nevada to the west. An exact description of the Nauvoo Legion flag (1841-1845) is not available. The Legion flag of the 1850s had thirteen stars and stripes, symbolic of the United States flag. The Indians won is a novel about the relationships of immigrants and native Americans, written by Martin Cruz Smith, who is, as far as I know half Cherokee. Early that morning the sisters presented to Joseph Smith and the Nauvoo Legion a silk flag with 27 stars representing each state in the union at that time. All three Spanish cannons, which were brought to Salt Lake City on pallets, were mounted on carriages copied from the mountain howitzer carriage, probably in preparation for the Mormon defense against Johnston's army in 1857. The Legion flag of the 1850s had thirteen stars and stripes, symbolic of the United States flag. I could barely keep up and was falling behind. It arrived in Salt Lake in 1852. Revised laws of the Nauvoo Legion, from the constitution of the United States. We became the last row of d flags in a hurry. Mormon Battalion/Nauvoo Legion "Life Guards" Flag. Posted by Julie L. Mellby on July 14, 2012 | 1 Comment. Sister McCleod walked by me. Sutter wrote a letter to the pioneer society in the 1870s where he said that his cannons, except for one Russian 4 pounder, which he donated to a museum in San Francisco, were all Spanish guns. Legion survival after death of Joseph Smith. Voter-conscious Illinois Democrats and Whigs (including Abraham Lincoln) passed a bipartisan city-state charter for Nauvoo in 1840. Soon thereafter, the Nauvoo charter was revoked, and the Nauvoo Legion lost its official sanction as an arm of the Illinois militia.. by authority by Nauvoo Legion (Ill.) . The bronze 4 pounder was found to have the crest of King Carlos 3 of Spain. Although the charter authorizing the Nauvoo Legion created an independent militia, it could be used at the disposal of the state governor or the President of the United States as well as for the mayor of Nauvoo. Following these flag bearers came other people walking—many families—and some participants riding in horse-drawn buggies and wagons. Today the mountain howitzer is on display in the Fort Douglas museum in Salt Lake City. 6 of their group built the mill at Coloma, where gold was discovered. Organized under Illinois law, the Nauvoo Legion was a … As the band played, flags topped with brass-colored eagles were held aloft. When July mustering ended, many assumed that parading was over, but not so. NauvooLegionpaint.gif 576 × 378; 136 KB. There are however some reported incidents in diaries of Saints concerning gunfire exchange between legion members and mobs during the Nauvoo era (citation needed). Local commanders and members of the Iron County, Utah Territorial Militia, overcome with suspicion and war hysteria, perpetrated the Mountain Meadows Massacre against a group of wagon trains travelling from Arkansas to California in September. In Utah, the Deseret Militia and Utah Territorial Militia used the official name of the Nauvoo Legion. Next came the walkers, with some dressed in 1840s clothing. Mark walked for 2 of his great grandfathers but also walked for Truman O. Angell who was part of the Nauvoo Legion and one of my relatives. Gen. Joseph Smith, no date, original 1888. The 1st cohort was under the command of General Wilson Law and the 2nd under the direction of General Charles C. Rich. NauvooLegion.jpg 470 × 364; 73 KB. My marching picked up. Nauvoo Legion Cavalry Guidon (Probable).svg 530 × 279; 21 KB. General Smith pronounced a benediction on the stone: “This principal corner stone in representation of the First Presidency, is now duly laid in honor of the Great God.” Rigdon added, “May the persons employed in the erection of this house be preserved from all harm while engaged in its construction.”6 The assembled were then invited to adjourn for an hour as Legion officers scurried to make ready the afternoon events. The Legion tended to be very top-heavy, in that there was a disproportionate number of high-ranking officers to regular soldiers. But of the, Smith penned, “Highly delighted.”15, It was not until June 18, 1844, that General Smith moved from the sidelines to once again take command of a large parade and “with my staff rode in front of the Legion, marched up Main Street, and returned to our former parade ground.” This was the last parade Joseph Smith would lead. NAUVOO, Ill. — LDS Church members and friends marched in a procession down the Parley Street "Trail of Hope" on Feb. 4 to commemorate the pioneer exodus from Nauvoo in 1846. The Nauvoo Legion was a state-authorized militia of the city of Nauvoo, Illinois, United States. As he reviewed the soldiers, “the governor, General J. J. Hardin and staff” looked on. Participants ranged in age … At this point, events of the day turned from military to religious. By noon, the military entourage had reached the temple grounds in Nauvoo. The LDS Church was incorporated and a militia, based on the Nauvoo Legion, was formed. Nauvoo Legion. This flag was saluted with canon fire and than accompanied the Nauvoo legion as it made its solemn sacred march up mauholland street to … This caused them to be lost after the deaths of the battalion members, because the source of the cannons was not written. The main plot is not really worth to be mentioned. Nauvoo was officially abandoned and the last remaining citizens had vacated Nauvoo by September 17, 1846, under gunfire and cannon artillery barrage as Illinois and Missouri militia and mobs raided and burned Nauvoo to the ground (citation needed). It was a miracle. Diary of Brigham Young, 1857. Of a company parade held on September 10, 1842, General Smith wrote, “this was the day for the training of the companies of the Nauvoo Legion; and lest I should be observed … I kept very still.”14 Without Joseph Smith reviewing the troops in his splendid military regalia, small parades attracted little attention. 4 (Winter 11957): 398.  (Antonga Black Hawk was a Ute and has no connection to the Illinois Sauk chief Black Hawk of the 1830s.) This flag was saluted with canon fire and than accompanied the Nauvoo legion as it made its solemn sacred march up mauholland street to the laying ceremony. Among those who accepted was Judge Stephen A. Douglas and thousands of other visitors streamed in Nauvoo before sunup on May 7, in wagons, carriages, skiffs, riverboats, and steamers. With growing antagonism from surrounding settlements it came to have as its main function the defense of Nauvoo, and surrounding Latter Day Saint areas of settlement. Of that occasion, General Smith penned, “An elaborated dinner was got up in the grove, of which I partook, in company with the officers of the Legion.”8. The Nauvoo Legion was called up again in the Utah War against Federal troops entering Utah in the "Utah Expedition" from 1857–1858. Legionnaires made a credible and soldier-like appearance with but on notable flaw. Before the exercises in the dancing pavilion and at intervals during the addresses of the speakers, veterans of the Nauvoo Legion made “Old Sow,” the cannon which figures prominently in the history of the legion, “snort.” Fifteen shots were fired in honor of the nation’s flag. Bishop J. H. Hale, 88-91, as cited in Glen M. Leonard, Nauvoo: A Place of Peace, a People of Promise (Salt Lake City; Deseret Book Company, 2002), 118. On July 4, 1837, "The 26-Star Flag" became the official flag of the United States. Upwards of eleven thousand visitors stood near the parade grounds waiting for the military events to begin. . The Legion was followed by flag bearers from different countries of those that migrated here to join the church. History records more parades, drills, and mustering’s held in the weeks following Smith’s death than in the preceding two years. “General Bennett next requested me to take my station in the rear of the cavalry, without my staff, during the engagement; but this was counteracted by Captain A. P. Rockwood, commander of my life guards, who kept close to my side,” wrote Smith. Flag this item for. On December 16 the governor signed it into law, granting Smith and the city of Nauvoo broad powers. After this conflict, the Federal government appointed Utah's territorial governor, and the Nauvoo Legion was allowed to exist at the command of the governor. Few Legionnaires at this, their last parade, walked with heads held high and even fewer recalled the boastful days when Hosea Stout’s poem of greatness applied: They’ll find that Illinois firm in her place will stand. The Legion’s main purpose, according to JS, was to protect the city from mobs and enforce city ordinances and state laws. It was there Smith was killed by a mob. GA 2012- in process. I decide to try I asked God to bless me. The veterans who fired the salute were under the command of Captain George Tall. "Legion of Nauvoo, " Journal History of the Church, Copyright ©2021 The Joseph Smith Jr and Emma Hale Smith Historical Society, © Joseph Smith Jr and Emma Hale Smith Historical Society 2021, Short Biographies of Joseph, Emma, and their family, Emma Smith, My Story Removes False Traditions, 10 Things You Most Likely Didn't Know About Emma Smith - Called to Share, Children of Joseph Smith and Emma Smith History. This flintlock musket was an American built copy of the French 1777 Musket Model. A carronade, a ship cannon, was purchased by the legion in Nauvoo. Nauvoo Legion, Records, 1841–1845. The name Nauvoo Legion was revived in Utah and applied to the organized militia of the state of Deseret and later of Utah Territory. He took command of the soldiers and ordered them into formation. “We doubt whether the like was presented in any other city in the western country,” remarked General Smith.13, Other parades in 1842-1843 echoed the confidence of the May parade. The History of the Church records, “The Legion paraded at the Masonic Hall field one day … then moved for drillings to ‘the ground near Spencer’s northeast of the Temple”‘ the next.16. The Nauvoo Legion survived the loss of its commanding officer, Joseph Smith, when Brigham Young automatically assumed command as the new church president in August 1844, though he had never previously been active in Legion activities because Young was in England on a proselytizing mission for several years and only returned home to Nauvoo when hearing of the prophet's death to assist the family and church and citizens of Nauvoo during that sad tragedy (citation needed). 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