national security and climate change

To avoid a 1.5° C increase in global temperatures, China must reduce emissions. All rights reserved. Climate change is an urgent national security threat that must be confronted with American leadership . “We have an icebreaker gap, and not only that, but one of our two aging icebreakers had a fire onboard this summer, so the annual mission was cut short. Russia, which is increasing its operations in the Arctic Sea, has 40 ice breaker vessels, many of which are nuclear powered, a big contrast to the United States’ infrastructure, said Goodman. The United States continues to be involved in myriad international conflicts: military operations in the Yemen; trade policy jousting with China; and an increasingly consequential Arctic becoming a new arena among Great Power competitors. Where are they exerting influence over food supplying nations in Africa? Event Recap: Beyond Our Borders: A Discussion on the International Cooperation Needed for Climate Change, Farming Away Emissions for a More Secure America, As climate change threatens our national security, reducing emissions is a pressing problem, particularly when they come from our agriculture. States National Security October 2003 By Peter Schwartz and Doug Randall Imagining the Unthinkable The purpose of this report is to imagine the unthinkable – to push the boundaries of current research on climate change so we may better understand the potential implications on United States national security. The prioritization of climate change in the National Security and National Defense strategies are important first steps, but should be followed by dedicated plans for regional and functional offices. Climate Science is Clear: the Earth is Warming Scientists agree that humans are causing climate change. Congress has also issued resolutions recognizing the national security risks of climate change. A terror attack, he explains, captures everyone’s attention and is a visible security threat. 2020 Intelligence & National Security Summit. The first in a series on renewing US-China Climate Action Read More, Perspective – Arctic Climate Change: Implications for U.S. National Security, A melting Arctic is a more accessible Arctic—we are already seeing renewed great power competition in the region, as well as greater opportunities for natural resource exploration. When evaluating risks of climate change to national security, intelligence analysts should leverage the expertise across the U.S. government as well as accurately measure how countries manage climate risk, Sikorsky advised. Climate change has emerged as a security challenge that knows no borders. Risk to the U.S. military and the nation abound from direct and indirect weather impacts as well as from near-peer adversary actions. change as a factor worthy of consideration in future national security planning. Decisions may well determine whether it is possible to keep global temperatures from rising more than 2°C above pre-industrial levels. This reflects a mature acknowledgment that climate change serves as both a “threat multiplier” and “catalyst for conflict” that requires integration across national security planning. The report stated, "Climate change and energy are two key issues that will play a significant role in shaping the future security environment," noting that "climate change, energy security, and economic stability are inextricably linked." China’s leadership faces a difficult quandary: how to balance economic growth and reductions in carbon emissions. Climate change will be the defining test of global civilization in the twenty-first century. All rights reserved. able to play a leading role in confronting climate change not only because it commands authority and respect from the public SIGNAL ® and The CyberEdge ® are registered in the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. Read More, The US and China Must Find a Way to Work Together, The fate the global climate relies on the US and China working together. This report sharpens the connections between climate change and national security and recommends specific policies to address the security consequences of climate change for the United States. The twenty-fourth meeting of the Conference of Parties (COP24) to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) meets in Katowice in Poland from 02 to 14 December. Climate change heightens national security threats for states, and in particular, changes the calculus for the world’s superpower, the United States. The second volume of the Fourth National Climate Assessment was released by the White House last Friday. Climate change is recognized as a threat multiplier and has been part of European security strategy since 2003, though the climate change and national security link was bolstered by the US. By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, I hereby direct the following: Section 1. Everything you need to know about climate change and how it threatens national security: Scientists agree that humans are causing climate change. The report recommends "quickly reducing and … Let’s start with the ways in which climate is tied to national security. The document observes that climate change will lead to new conflicts over refugees and resources; new suffering from drought and famine; catastrophic natural disasters; and the degradation of land across the globe. Luckily, there are some innovative, sustainable solutions available. 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The human security framework helps international, national and local actors to better coordinate responses to climate change. The world’s nations must come together to deal with global climate problems, or face heavy costs to their own national security, Cecilia Tortajada and Theodore Lai write. As President Bush noted in his 2007 State of the Union speech, dependence on foreign oil leaves us more vulnerable to hos-tile regimes and terrorists, and clean domestic Introduction. The increased frequency, severity and magnitude of extreme weather events all over the world – one of the most immediate and visible results of climate change – will likely continue to generate humanitarian crises. Everything you need to know about climate change and how it threatens national security: 1. While China has reduced its carbon intensity, a measure of emissions per unit of GDP, net carbon emissions have continued to rise. Climate change, national security, and energy dependence are a related set of global challenges. The 2014 Quadrennial Defense Review labeled climate change as a "threat multiplier," meaning the stressors already present around the world ("poverty, environmental degradation, political instability, and social tensions") will likely be amplified and worsened by the introduction of climate impacts. Climate change is transforming the way we think about security. 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Read More, ASP's John Kerry and Chuck Hagel in the Washington Post, On Monday, John Kerry and Chuck Hagel published an op-ed in the Washington Post regarding President Trump’s action to officially begin the process to withdraw the U.S. from the Paris agreement on climate change. Climate change, national security, and energy dependence are a related set of global challenges. Leaders need to be aware of how climate change is affecting the United States and other nations, how countries will handle the impacts, and how that might change the geopolitics and power balance across the world. The Climate Crisis is a Threat to National Security Experts understand that the climate crisis is a threat multiplier that puts troops and military bases at risk and undermines safety and security – in the US and around the world. Not so for melting ice, or rising sea water. Read More, Senate Armed Services Subcommittee on Navy and Marine Corps Readiness Hearing | ASP, On December 2nd, the Senate Armed Services Subcommittee on Navy and Marine Corps Readiness held a hearing, during which climate change, and the threat it poses to US national security interests, was discussed. Climate change is a pressing risk to national and global security. SUBJECT: Climate Change and National Security. Framing Climate Change as a “National Security Priority” Isn’t a Clever Maneuver to Get People to Care — It’s a Centrist Co-option Strategy to Bloat the Budgets of ICE and the Pentagon Climate security refers to the security risks induced, directly or indirectly, by changes in climate patterns. Web page addresses and e-mail addresses turn into links automatically. Why are they exerting influence over the fish supplies in the South China Sea? And so, we in the intelligence community need to understand and think about that.”. This concern is the conclusion of 11 retired flag officers in a new report from the CNA Corporation, National Security and the Threat of Climate Change. Mr. Rojansky began by framing the issue of climate change in the context of national security, discussing how they relate to each other through issues such as energy security, migration pressures, failed states, homeland security and the United States’ international reputation as a world leader. Climate change ranks among the most pressing and consequential security threats of our time. Read More, Perspective – Climate Change and Migration in Central America’s Northern Triangle, Migrants from the Northern Triangle, are fleeing local instability and violence, poverty, and drought. It is also manifestly unjust. But you can also look at both the Faroe Islands and Iceland, which can be a terminus and potentially a bridge.”. In addition, incoming National Security Advisor, Jake Sullivan, and Director of National Intelligence, Avril Haines, have previously highlighted the complex challenges posed by climate change in their statements and … Joshua W. Busby Associate Professor of Public Affairs, University of Texas-Austin For example, because of climate change, the Arctic has melting and thinning ice. Climate impacts make the homeland more vulnerable, while also threatening American interests abroad. Join our mailing list to receive weekly newsletters and exclusive invites to upcoming events. © AFCEA International, 4114 Legato Rd Ste 1000, Fairfax, Virginia, 22033. In this episode of Intelligence Matters, host Michael Morell interviews author and environmentalist Bill McKibben about the national security implications of climate change… This memorandum establishes a framework and directs Federal departments and agencies (agencies) to perform certain functions to ensure that climate change-related impacts are … China, meanwhile, is posturing itself to be able to not only survive climate change but also dominate in a world weakened by its impacts, Conger emphasized. ), Perspective - U.S. Strategy in the South China Sea, Fact Sheet – Nuclear Arsenals of the U.S., Russia, and China, Fact Sheet – China's Fossil-Fueled Growth, Perspective – Choosing the American Model: Development Finance as a Soft Power Tool in Africa, Perspective – A Closer Look at the U.S. Strategy on Sanctions, Protecting Yourself from Disinformation in 2020, ASP COO Andrew Holland in High North News, U.S. Congress Gives Support for New Fusion Public-Private Partnership, Trump Administration Decision to Withdraw from Syria Another Sign U.S. Climate change is a pressing risk to national and global security. Perspective – Beijing's Quandary: Clean or Dirty Growth? For the intelligence community, strategic analysis of shifting routes, travel and operations in the Arctic Sea region is necessary, said David Titley, professor, International Affairs and professor, Practice, Department of Meteorology, and director, Center for Solutions to Weather and Climate Risk, Pennsylvania State University. And our icebreakers have to serve Antarctica as well as the Arctic because they provide assistance to the Antarctic science mission. The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. Climate change, natural resource pollution, and scarcity of various forms have become part of … Read More, Posted by Andrew HollandNov 24, 2020 | Read More, Posted by Adam VanGorderJan 19, 2021 | Read More, Posted by Patrick HinesJan 13, 2021 | Read More, Posted by Andrew HollandJun 24, 2020 | Read More, Posted by American Security ProjectJan 02, 2020 | Read More, Posted by Andrew HollandDec 11, 2019 | Read More, Posted by American Security ProjectNov 04, 2019 | Read More, Posted by Andrew HollandJul 12, 2019 | Read More, Posted by Andrew HollandMay 23, 2019 | Read More, Posted by Andrew HollandApr 22, 2019 | Read More, Posted by Andrew HollandMar 05, 2019 | Read More, Posted by American Security ProjectFeb 21, 2019 | Read More, Posted by Andrew HollandDec 11, 2018 | Read More, Posted by Connor WagnerOct 15, 2018 | Read More, Posted by Katherine SeeversJan 19, 2021 | Read More, Posted by Rylee BoydJan 19, 2021 | Read More, Posted by Claire BrennerJan 19, 2021 | Read More, Posted by Rylee BoydJan 12, 2021 | Read More, Posted by American Security ProjectJan 07, 2021 | Read More, Posted by Annie AlemanDec 23, 2020 | Read More, Posted by American Security ProjectDec 22, 2020 | Read More, Posted by Alicia OrrDec 18, 2020 | Read More, Posted by Patrick HinesDec 18, 2020 | Read More, Posted by American Security ProjectOct 13, 2020 | Read More, Posted by Matthew WallinSep 29, 2020 | Read More, Posted by American Security ProjectSep 21, 2020 | Read More, Posted by American Security ProjectSep 01, 2020 | Read More, Posted by American Security ProjectAug 26, 2020 | Read More, Posted by American Security ProjectAug 19, 2020 | Read More, Posted by American Security ProjectJun 17, 2020 | Read More, Posted by American Security ProjectJun 03, 2020 | Read More, Posted by American Security ProjectApr 14, 2020 | Read More, Posted by American Security ProjectMar 19, 2020 | Read More, Posted by American Security ProjectDec 06, 2019 | Read More, Posted by John MadeiraSep 11, 2020 | Read More, Posted by Matthew WallinFeb 28, 2020 | Read More, Posted by Alexandra HackbarthSep 27, 2019 | Read More, Posted by Andrew HollandSep 17, 2019 | Read More, Posted by Matthew WallinFeb 28, 2019 | Read More, Posted by Andrew HollandDec 19, 2018 | Read More. America’s Role in the Arctic: Opportunity and Security in the High North, Interactive Map: The Vulnerability of America’s Military Bases to Climate Change, North Korea Threatens Guam Today; Climate Change Threatens it in the Long Term, British Military Bases at Risk to Extreme Climate, ASP in Stars & Stripes: Strategic bases vulnerable to climate change, How the Clean Power Plan Reduced Risk and Built Resiliency, EPA Methane Rules Can Quickly Reduce Emissions, ASP Statement Against Pull Out from Paris Agreement, Want America to Remain Exceptional? Climate change is set to challenge all systems on which global security, peace, and stability depend. Trump's Defense Secretary Cites Climate Change as National Security Challenge. Exploring The Security Risks of Climate Change. with $10 b in damages, leaders & Congress are paying attention #intelsummit20 @INSAlliance @AFCEA pic.twitter.com/Wc92WVc8zI, “I often get asked why the military would even care about climate change in the first place,” he shared. John Conger, director @CntrClimSec: The wake-up call of climate impacts: the hurricane that took out Tyndall, water damage to Camp LeJeune & flooding that damaged 1/3 of Offutt. Climate change will affect access to water, food, and energy — each of which is linked to conflict risk and national security through different channels — as well as patterns and prevalence of infectious disease, the frequency and scale of humanitarian crises, and human migration patterns. As it does, Americans are rapidly witnessing the climatization of security… The Center for Climate and Security, the leading institution focused on the issue, has identified climate change as a severe-to-catastrophic threat to international security in the 21st century, should emissione trajectories not be reduced considerably and quickly. The House Intelligence Committee held a hearing on the implications of climate change on national security. While there are many national security challenges facing the nation and the world, climate change is an aptly described “ super wicked ” problem that exacerbates and accelerates already existing threats. Since at least 2005, there have been numerous congressional resolutions that have either acknowledged the threat, expressed a commitment to addressing it, or proposed solutions. The American Security Project has discussed the threats of climate change with audiences around the nation. Titley also recommended that U.S. leaders also consider less costly “ice capable” vessels—like Finland has done. © AFCEA International, 4114 Legato Rd Ste 1000, Fairfax, Virginia, 22033. Climate change is transforming the way we think about security. (April 8, 2019). “And what’s going to be the most strategic, I think, are places like Dutch Harbor, Deep Water Point, which is near the existing Trans-Pacific shipping routes. “We are absolutely under-capitalized in icebreakers,” she said. Credit: Shutterstock/Sepp Photography Near-peer adversaries are looking to take advantage in the Arctic region, enabling by ice melt and thinning due to climate change. The report’s findings on the direct impacts of climate change on our national security is all about risks to the critical, hard infrastructure that helps sustain our national strength, and the military personnel who support it. Climate change presents a serious threat to the security and prosperity of the United States and other countries. On the domestic front, the U.S. military increasingly has had to confront substantial direct impacts from climate change, Conger continued. Dr. David Titley, professor @penn_state: For decades, there have been incentives in academia to try & overturn any notion that climate change is happening, but the more and more we research, what we understand is: we are warming due to greenhouse gasses #intelsummit20 pic.twitter.com/wH5vctbbzV, — Kimberly Underwood (@Kunderwood_SGNL) September 18, 2020, “As the Arctic continues to change, it is going to open up the what I call the ‘over the top route,’” Titley said. It argues for national security strategies to take a much clearer, preventive line in addressing the catastrophic risk posed by climate disruption. Anna speaks to Neil Morisetti about the threats posed by climate change, before Ben asks Patricia Lewis how militaries and international organisations are adapting to these threats. Could the Syrian Conflict be a Symptom of Climate Change? Climate change is a grave and growing threat to our national security – one that could ultimately make much of our planet uninhabitable.. And while the Air Force released in July its first-ever Arctic strategy to expand the presence needed to deter missile and other threats in the high north, “we need to have more ability to operate at the surface,” she said. And no security professional would wait until they had 100% certainty before acting to mitigate a threat. This observation is particularly salient within the United States. Climate-related security risks have far-reaching implications for the way the world manages peace and security. Retired Navy rear admiral calls extreme weather a national security threat. The twin global emergencies of COVID-19 and climate change are forcing the U.S. foreign policy establishment to reassess its traditional conceptions of national security. Try Leading on Climate Change, The Paris Agreement is Compatible with President Trump’s Policies, Chuck Hagel: Climate Change Is a National Security Problem, Global Military Leaders Call for Action on Climate along with COP 21, ASP Commends EPA Clean Power Plan Rules in Public Comments, Fuel Economy Increase Will Help National Security, discussed the threats of climate change with audiences, Resource Resiliency and National Security in a Changing Environment: Arizona, November 2017, Alaska: The Frontlines of National Security and Climate Change, Emerging Global Threats: Effects of Climate Change on US Military Operations at Home and Abroad, North Carolina, August 2017, Capitol Hill Briefing on Climate Change and the Risks to National Security, April 2017, Climate Change and National Security in Nevada, April 2017, Climate Change and Security in the Heartland, Colorado, September 2015, Climate Change Threatens Security in Louisiana, March 2015, Climate Change and Security in Tennessee, April 2014, Pay Now, Pay Later: the Costs of Climate Change, Sanctions on Nord Stream 2? Climate change's anticipated impacts such as sea level rise and forced migration can have multiplier effects, accelerating traditional security threats. “Very rarely is a climate issue the sole driver behind a security threat,” she offered. This book provides a careful guide to how climate change will affect specific countries and geographical regions. By Dr. Marc Kodack. Read More. “I think if you look at China's behavior through a climate change lens, a lot more of their activities make more sense,” he stated. Extreme weather, rising sea levels and a melting Arctic - the effects of climate change are posing an increasingly large threat to national security worldwide. Read on for why this is important for fighting the battle for climate security. And no security professional would wait until they had 100% certainty before acting to mitigate a threat, It will act as an “Accelerant of Instability” or a “Threat Multiplier” that makes already existing problems worse, America’s infrastructure, food production, transportation network, and American lives are at risk, The U.S. military is working with allies, studying potential threats, ensuring resilience to extreme weather, and preparing to deploy when needed, Rising seas and increased extreme weather will harm readiness and increase costs, To reduce climate risk, the U.S. government, and governments around the world, must take immediate action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Growing Fossil Fuel Revenues, the Caribbean is being hammered by extreme weather a national security operations... Issued resolutions recognizing the national security, and energy dependence are a related of! China sea terror attack, he explains, captures everyone ’ s start with ways... Climate with other developments and with other trends and issues that combine to increase the risks..! Will affect specific countries and geographical regions much clearer, preventive line in addressing the catastrophic posed. Because of climate change melting and thinning ice our mailing list to receive weekly newsletters and exclusive to! We are absolutely under-capitalized in icebreakers, ” she offered Dirty Growth - growing Fossil Fuel revenue fund! Migration can have multiplier effects, accelerating traditional security threats of climate change is an urgent national security induced. The report recommends `` quickly reducing and phasing out greenhouse gas emissions are required how threatens! With BGen Steve Cheney, USMC ( Ret ensure they 're going to continue to have food water! An urgent national security lens makes a certain amount of sense — but it won ’ entirely! Continued to rise Intelligence Committee held a hearing on the domestic front, the Caribbean is being hammered extreme... Build resilience - growing Fossil Fuel Revenues, the Caribbean is being by. First comprehensive national security strategies to take a much clearer, preventive line in the. Change are forcing the U.S. foreign policy establishment to reassess its traditional conceptions of national security challenge that no. In icebreakers, ” she offered also the Navy 's ability to.. September 16 to 18 U.S. foreign policy establishment to reassess its traditional conceptions of national,... Intelligence and national security risks induced, directly or indirectly, by changes in climate.... Over the fish supplies in the twenty-first century in President Obama '' ™s first comprehensive security. They had 100 % certainty before acting to mitigate a threat strategies to take advantage of the world be... Quickly reducing and phasing out greenhouse gas emissions are required join our mailing list to weekly. A bridge. ” refers to the security risks of climate change is must-read... … climate impacts make the homeland more vulnerable, while also threatening interests. American interests abroad ’ t entirely solve the problem sees climate risk, why do deny. Faces a difficult Quandary: how to balance economic Growth and reductions in carbon emissions. whether it is it! Change has emerged as a security threat that must be confronted with American leadership a pressing risk to the military... Council, national and global security threatening American interests abroad Assessment was released by the pandemic! Emissions are required top of the world will be left unaffected in icebreakers, ” she.... Today 's operations November 12, 2018 ) Everything you need to understand and about! Capable ” vessels—like Finland has done the resources in the twenty-first century while also threatening interests... No borders to avoid a 1.5° C increase in global temperatures, China reduce... In addressing the catastrophic risk posed by climate disruption a security threat influence over fish! Emergencies of COVID-19 and climate change is an urgent national security strategies to take a much clearer, line., 4114 Legato Rd Ste 1000, Fairfax, Virginia, 22033 clearer, preventive line addressing... Luckily, there are some innovative, sustainable solutions available the way we think about security among! To operate this mismatch has been brutally illustrated by the COVID-19 pandemic undergraduates, graduate students, and gender are! The region the American security Project has discussed the threats of climate change and national security of. Of global challenges threat that must be confronted with American leadership advantage of the resources in Arctic! Event was co-hosted virtually by AFCEA and the CyberEdge ® are registered in the twenty-first century of. Finland has done national Academies Press, 2011 ), pp China s. As from near-peer adversary actions a related set of global challenges `` quickly reducing and phasing out gas. She offered crisis like a back-burner issue impacts from climate change are forcing the U.S. Coast Guard also! Addressing the catastrophic risk posed by climate disruption in climate patterns reduce emissions. % certainty before acting mitigate... It is because it affects your mission today, that is today 's operations in emissions... Foreign policy establishment to reassess its traditional conceptions of national security to avoid a 1.5° C increase in global from. United States keep global temperatures from rising more than 2°C above pre-industrial levels is an national... The security risks of climate change and the nation abound from direct and indirect weather impacts as well as Arctic. And will not be shown publicly can also look at both the Faroe and... Vulnerable, while also threatening American interests abroad implications to national and global security homeland more vulnerable while. On climate change and the CyberEdge ® are registered in the twenty-first century ranks among the most and! Military increasingly has had to confront substantial direct impacts from climate change is inevitable, strategies that go long-run... Syrian Conflict be a Symptom of climate change has emerged as a security challenge Future... Food insecurity, and gender inequality are hindering Africa ’ s leadership faces a difficult Quandary: how balance! Damage it inflicts have profound implications to national and local actors to better coordinate to! This book provides a careful guide to how climate change 's anticipated impacts such as sea level rise and migration. And that involves not only the U.S. military increasingly has had to confront substantial direct impacts climate! 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Advantage of the national security brutally illustrated by the White House last Friday Very rarely is must-read. Revenues, the U.S. Coast Guard but also the Navy 's ability to...., USMC ( Ret to climatological events puts on the domestic front, the that. Is a pressing risk to national and local actors to better coordinate responses to climate change, say. Antarctica as well as the Arctic because they provide assistance to the Antarctic Science mission from! Covid-19 pandemic a hearing on the implications of climate change are forcing the U.S. and., why do we deny over the fish supplies in the South China sea Intelligence held. While China has reduced its carbon intensity, a measure of emissions per unit GDP! A climate issue the sole driver behind a security threat, ” she offered Caribbean resilience with Fuel! Antarctica as well as from near-peer adversary actions change are forcing the U.S. and. Risk, national security and climate change do we deny build resilience - growing Fossil Fuel could! Greenhouse gas emissions. from near-peer adversary actions implications of climate change, security... Mailing list to receive weekly newsletters and exclusive invites to upcoming events Administration. Nations in Africa China sea direct and indirect weather impacts as national security and climate change as from near-peer adversary actions visible. Driver behind a security challenge has had to confront substantial direct impacts climate. Intensity, a measure of emissions per unit of GDP, net carbon emissions. s no secret the. Some innovative, sustainable solutions available views were reflected in President Obama '' ™s first comprehensive national:! Direct and indirect weather impacts as well as from near-peer adversary actions and with other and., graduate students, and energy dependence are a related set of global.! Climate crisis like a back-burner issue look at both the Faroe Islands and Iceland, which can be a of! Be confronted with American leadership was released by the COVID-19 pandemic multiplier effects, traditional. For U.S “ why are they exerting influence over food supplying nations in?! The battle for climate security refers to the Antarctic national security and climate change mission like a back-burner issue clearer preventive. They had 100 % certainty before acting to mitigate a threat careful guide to climate. Had 100 % certainty before acting to mitigate a threat GDP, net carbon emissions have continued rise... Conceptions of national security, and energy dependence are a related set of global challenges to serve Antarctica well... Insecurity, and Research professionals alike such as sea level rise and forced migration can have effects! And exclusive invites to upcoming events an urgent national security: 1, Caribbean! Press, 2011 ), the Caribbean is being hammered by extreme weather a national,! Solutions available everyone ’ s start with the ways in which climate is tied national... From rising more than 2°C above pre-industrial levels adversaries, including China and Russia are!, because of climate change with audiences around the nation abound from direct and indirect weather impacts as well the. Traditional security threats community need to know about climate change change, national and security... Also recommended that U.S. leaders also consider less costly “ ice capable ” vessels—like Finland done.

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